Why we care about Form PCT/ISA/202

One thing that happens, after you file a PCT patent application, is that Form PCT/ISA/202 arrives.  (Or fails to arrive.)  Why do we care about Form PCT/ISA/202?  I offer some thoughts here.

First, I will talk about “what is the nominal meaning of PCT/ISA/202?”  Then I will talk about the indirect but more important significances of Form PCT/ISA/202.

The main reason why Form PCT/ISA/202 came into existence is the workflow for a newly filed PCT application.  A newly filed PCT application will have just been filed at a Receiving Office (“RO”).  The RO carries out a review of matters as to form (are the pages right-side up?  were the correct fees paid?) and then makes two copies of the application.  One copy (the “Record Copy”) gets sent to WIPO in Geneva.  The other copy (the “Search Copy”) gets sent to — yes you guessed it! — the International Searching Authority (“ISA”).

When the ISA received the Search Copy the ISA is obligated, under PCT rules, to fess up that it has received the Search Copy.  The point of course is that receipt of the Search Copy starts a clock running.  The rules call for the ISA to “establish” the International Search Report (“ISR”) and the Written Opinion of the ISA (“WO”) by a particular date.

The fact that the middle three characters of “PCT/ISA/202” are “ISA” tells us that the form has something to do with the ISA.  And in this particular case, the form is the ISA’s way of fessing up that yes, it has received the Search Copy, and that it received it on some particular date.

So, nominally, one could imagine a client that wants very much to know just exactly on what date did the ISA receive the Search Copy.  For such a client, this document is exactly the right thing.  It answers this question.

I will say that for most clients that I have served over many years, the client would neither know nor care what date this event happened.  If I were to go to the trouble to send a reporting letter “Dear client, the ISA received the search copy on blah date” the client would file the letter and give it no attention.

Which brings us to a first important significance of Form PCT/ISA/202.  The first important significance is rather like that of the dog that did not bark in the night.  The point is that when one files a PCT application in the first place, one should be docketing to check to make sure that Form PCT/ISA/202 actually arrives.  The point is not so much that we might care what date is stated in the Form.  The point is to try to keep on top of things so that if the Form were to fail to arrive, we would notice.

We care about this because if the ISA were to fail to receive the Search Copy (or if the ISA were to receive it and then misplace it) then there would never actually be a Search Report or Written Opinion.  So we want to notice it if the Form were to fail to arrive.

We usually docket six weeks for this Form.  The Form usually shows up in about three weeks, in our experience, at least for our clients who pick Korea as the ISA (which is most of our clients).

If the form were to fail to arrive, the next step would be to contact the ISA.  If the ISA were to deny having received the Search Copy, the next step would be to contact the RO.  If the RO were to claim that yes, it really did send the Search Copy to the ISA, then the next step is to stand back and wait for the two Offices to arrive at some common understanding about things.  If need be, the RO could transmit the Search Copy again and again, until eventually the ISA gives up and decides to admit that it has received the Search Copy.

Wouldn’t it be nice if there were some way that some element of the PCT system were to make it super-easy for the practitioner to check up on this?  For example suppose there were a way to go to ePCT and, with a mouse click or two, generate a report listing all of the pending PCT applications in your portfolio that had not yet received a Form PCT/ISA/202?

Well I am here to tell you that ePCT does provide such a feature.  With a couple of mouse clicks, you can generate a report listing all of the pending PCT applications in your portfolio that have not yet received a Form PCT/ISA/202.  The filter term is “receipt of Search Copy at ISA confirmed to the IB” and you pick “no” for the filter term.  And you will get a handy report of all of your PCT cases where Form PCT/ISA/202 never arrived.

(I have a vague memory that I may be the cause of this feature of ePCT.  Our firm was a beta-tester for ePCT and I think maybe I was the one who suggested that this feature be provided.)

Okay so let’s say we have received this mysterious-but-precious Form PCT/ISA/202.  What’s next?  What do we care about on this Form?

The first thing that we will care about is that, with the information on this Form, we can work out when the ISR/WO is scheduled to be established.  The formula is:

  • three months from the date of receipt of the Search Copy, or
  • nine months from the priority date,

whichever is later.

Our experience with ISA/KR is that they don’t go to the trouble of working out the second condition (P+9) and they simply schedule the work internally based upon the first condition (SC+3).  Other practitioners who use ISA/US (which our clients almost never select) report that ISA/US also seems to follow the first condition and not worry about the second condition.

I am told by ISA/EP that they do not have the luxury of skipping the P+9 condition.  They receive so many cases, and have so much of a backlog, that they have no choice but to take the P+9 condition into account as well as the SC+3 condition.

Now of course there are some clients who will not care at all about this business of “when is the ISR/WO supposed to show up?”  For example there may be a client who says “my sole reason for even filing a PCT at all is simply to get 30 months.”  The client who says this is not going to be obsessed with whether an ISR/WO arrives a month earlier than expected or a month later than expected.

But on the other hand there are some clients who, oddly enough, seem to feel that it would be a good idea to get a patent, and maybe who even seem to feel that getting a patent sooner rather than later would be better.  For such a client, a favorable ISR/WO will be the entrance ticket for the on-ramp to the Patent Prosecution Highway.

Indeed one client of our firm has given us standing instructions.  If we receive a favorable ISR/WO on a particular date, we are asked to enter the US national phase, and file a request at the USPTO for PPH status, before the end of that same day.

Now turning to another significance of the Form PCT/ISA/202. Let’s recall one of the consequences of receiving an ISR/WO.  One of the consequences is that an IDS is going to have to be filed at the USPTO, disclosing the references cited in the ISR/WO.  To file this IDS, the practitioner is going to need to be in possession of PDF copies of the cited references (other than the US patents and US published patent applications).

Let’s suppose that the client picked ISA/KR as the Searching Authority.  Then when the ISR/WO arrives, ISA/KR will make the references available in a particular way, namely by posting them to a secure web site.  The practitioner, having received the ISR/WO, will then go to the KIPO web site, plug in the PCT number and a secret code number, and click to download the references.

How may the practitioner know the secret code number?  The answer turns out to be that KIPO prints the secret code number on the lower right corner of Form PCT/ISA/202!

In the old days this meant that we at OPLF needed to try very hard to put Form PCT/ISA/202 in a safe place so that we could find it again when we needed it.  We would have to put it somewhere, so that three months later when the ISR/WO were to arrive, we would have the secret code number handy for downloading the cited references.

Of course nowadays it is not so hard to keep on top of these things.  If you make use of ePCT as a sort of “Private PAIR” for your pending PCT applications, then you can find Form PCT/ISA/202 any time you need it, by simply logging in at ePCT and clicking on the “documents” tab for your application.

Finally as mentioned above, the arrival of the Form PCT/ISA/202 permits the practitioner to work out when the ISR/WO is likely to arrive.  For those clients who care when they receive their ISR/WO, this will prompt the practitioner to docket the expected ISR/WO date.  And if by that date the ISR/WO has not arrived, the practitioner can get in touch with the ISA to try to move things along.

Do you care about Form PCT/ISA/202?  Maybe you care about it for some reason other than what I talked about.  Please post a comment below.

Posted in PCT |

One thought on “Why we care about Form PCT/ISA/202

  1. Very useful! Thank you, Carl. Found this while googling “Search Copy”.
    Also, thank you very much for your course in NY last Nov. 8. As always, interesting and dynamic.

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